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Robert Stirling
Hot Air & Stir Eng
John Malone

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Robert Stirling
Hot Air & Stir Eng
John Malone






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BOOK : HOT AIR CALORIC and STIRLING ENGINES. Volume One: A History.
Author : Robert Sier.

Hardback 342 pages. Book size A4.
ISBN 0 9526417 1 2
Date published January, 2000
Price is £16 (pounds sterling)

Published in the UK by L.A Mair.


book plate


CONTENTS

Preface viii

Forward x

PART ONE : FLUID DISPLACEMENT DEVICES.

Philo of Byzantium, 2 : Heron of Alexandria--A Treatise on Pneumatics, 2; Heron's Automata, 6 : The Thermoscope and Air Thermometer--Batolomeo Teoioux, 9; Santorio Santorrii, 10; Robert Fludd, 10; The Dutch Weather Glass, 12; Otto Guerick, 12; Richard Townly, 13 : Perpetual Motion Clocks--C. Drebble, 13; Thomas Tyme, 13; Daniello Antonini, 13; Antoine Martini, 14; Althanase Kircher, 14 : Water Pumping--Solar pumps, G della Porta, 16; Isaac de Caus, 16; B. F. Belidor, 17; R. A. Fessenden, 19 : Pumping with Fire--Robert D'Acres, 19; Montgolfier brothers, 20; The Fluidyne pump, 23 : Overbalancing Engines--Guilaune Amontons, 25; Thomas Parker, 26; Mark Brunel, 27; Cagniard -Latour, 27; P. A. Kuhne, 30; Marble engine, 31 : Liquid piston engine, 32 : Liquid piston engine with rotary displacer, 33 : Notes, 34.

PART TWO

Ventilating Furnaces, 36 : The Smoke Jack--use in China, 38; musical toys, 39; Leonardo de Vinci; 42. John Wilkins, 42; Vittoria Zonca, 43; Samual Pepys, 43; Count Rumford, 43; J. Prosser, 43; John Braithwaite, 43; J. Payne, 45 : The Solar Chimney--I. Cabaney, 47; Solar plant at Manzanares, 47; A. R. Bennett, 48 : Hot Air Balloons--Albertus Magnes, 49; Giovana de Fontana, 49; Laurenco de Gusmao, 50; The Montgolfier brothers, 50 : Notes, 54.

PART THREE : Some Early Designs.

Thomas Bewly, 56; Henry Wood, 56; Thomas Mead, 56; James Glazebrook, 58; Charles Tetly, 60; George Lilley, 60; James White, 64; John Barber, 62; John Dumbell, 63; Sadi Carnot, 65 : Notes, 68.

PART FOUR : Furnace Gas Engines.

Sir George Cayley--Engine built by William Chapman, 70; Letter to Nicholson's Journal, 71; comments on Stirling's engine, 72; Neil Arnott, 73; Goldsworthy Gurney, 74; Bromton Hall engine, 74; 1837 patent, 75 : The Furnace Gas Engine--Roper, 79; Edwards & Co, 80; Shaw, 81; Wenham, 82; Rider, 85; Bucket, 85; Pulsometer Engine Co. 86; Brown, 86; Leavitt, 87; Benier, 87; Trewhella, 91 : The Constant Pressure Engine--Brayton, 92; L. Simon, 94 : The Constant Pressure Turbine--Tournaire, 95; J. Bourne, 96; Parsons, 96; F. Stolze, 96; Rankin Kennedy, 99 : The Fumic Impeller, 99 : Notes, 100.

PART FIVE : Displacer Type Air Engines

Displacer Type Hot Air Engines, 103 : The Regenerative or Stirling Cycle Engine, 104 : Heating and Cooling in High Temperature-differential Engines--Bauschaum, 106; Young & Kirk, 106; H. Essex, 108; Napier & Rankine, 111; G. Mann, 114; Parkinson & Crossly, 114; The Philips Air Engine, 116; Effects of Cooling, 127 : Heating and Cooling in Low Temperature-differential Engines--I. Kolin, 119; J. Senft, 120 : Pressurization, 129 : Examples of Link work in Air Engines--The bell crank, 123; Laubereau, 124; Leman, 124; W.H Bailey, 129; Stenburg, 129; Louis Heinrici, 132; Ernst Heinrici, 132; Lochmann, 136; A.E & H Robinson, 137; Delamater Iron Works, 140; American Machine Co, 140; F.F Slocomb, 140; Remington Machine Co, 140; Erwin Welch, 140; Fanning Manufacturing Co., 143; D.W Van Rennes, 146; A. Koerber, 146; The Britannia Co, 146; H.F Smith, 147; The Yoke Drive, 150; N. V. Philips, 151; Philips Rhombic Drive, 152; Philips variable-f drive, 153; Scotch Yoke drive, 155; Eccentric drives, 155; Wells intermittent drive, 155 : Lost motion drive--Wells, 156; for low temperature engine, 157 : Rotary Displacers--Trewhella, 158; Gloy, 158; C. Fortier, 158; Ernst Heinrici, 159 : Diaphragm Pistons-- J.H Tange 161: Rolling Diaphragms--Philips roll sock seal, 162 : Notes, 165.

Illustrations and Advertisements, 166-186.

PART SIX : Free Piston and Free Displacer engines.

Diaphragm Type Engines--Chipperfield, 188; Merrick, 189; Martini artificial heart, 189; Harwell TMG, 191 : Postle engine, 191 : Beale Free piston engine, 192 : Ringbom engine--Ossian Ringbom, 194; modified Ringbom, 195; single cylinder Ringbom, 195; Pendulum engine, 166 : Wagster erector mechanism, 197 : Matini Amplifying Machine, 198 : Notes, 200.

PART SEVEN : John Ericsson and Open Cycle Engines.

Ericsson's Caloric Engines--Flame engine, 202; 1826 patent, 202; letter to the I.C.E, 203; method of raising steam, 205; Rainhill locomotive trials, 205; 1833 engine, 206; 1838 engine, 214; 1847 engine, 214; 1851 patent, 215; The Caloric ship "Ericsson", 216; 1855 patent, 229; 1856 patent, 230; 1858 Engine, 230; 1860 patent, 233; 1880 patent, 235 : T. Via, 237 : Tom Thumb Engine, 238 : Notes, 242.

Appendix A : Review of pamphlet ; The Caloric engine. by John Ericsson, 243.

PART EIGHT : The Compression Engine.

C. Franchot--French & English patents, 254 : C. Siemens--improvements in steam engines, 257; Steam Air and Gas Engine of 1860, 258 :A.K Rider--open cycle engines of 1871, 258; compression engine of 1875, 260. Hayward-Tyler--description of mode of working, 266; problems in casting parts, 168; engine data, 272; used in blowing church organ, 272 : Australian Rider-Ericsson Co., 273 : N.V Philips engines--Z drive engines, 273; swash plate engines, 274; association with Fords, 274 : The wobble plate drive, 275 : The swash plate drive, 275 : Notes, 278.

PART NINE : Vacuum Engines

Vacuum Engines with Internal Burners--S. Brown, 281; D. Gordon, 284 : Vacuum Engines with External Burners--L.B Lawrence, 285; R.M Lowne, 286; Hardy & Padmore, 288; A.R Weisz, 294; Spiers & Holm, 296; W.J Leary, 299; E. Plank, 301; G. Carette, 301; O.Z Frazier, 301; W. Honsel, 301 : Notes, 304.

PART TEN : Heat Pumps and Air Compressors.

Stirling Cycle Refrigerating Machines--William Thomson, 306; James Stirling, 306; A. Kirk, 306; Davy Postle, 310; I. Lundgard, 314; The Philips-Stirling refrigerator, 314 : Vuileumier Refrigerating Machines--R. Vuilemier, 319; Philips-Vuilemier machines, 320 : Cold Air Machines--Gorrie, 324; Windhausen, 324; Giffard, 325; Bell-Coleman machine used aboard the "Strethleven", 325 : Air Compressors--J. Jameson, 327; W. West, 327; Deutsche Continental Gas, 388 : Notes, 328.

Bibliography : 330